Development of cognitive behavior counseling guidelines website-based systematic desensitization techniques to overcome stress in adolescent victims of violence

Ni Putu Diah Pebriyanti(1), Kadek Suranata(2), Putu Ari Dharmayanti(3),
(1) Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha  Indonesia
(2) Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha  Indonesia
(3) Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha  Indonesia

Corresponding Author
Copyright (c) 2023 Ni Putu Diah Pebriyanti, Kadek Suranata, Putu Ari Dharmayanti

DOI : https://doi.org/10.24036/02021104122164-0-00

Full Text:    Language : en

Abstract


This study aims to develop and test the validity of cognitive behavior counseling handbooks and the effectiveness of systematic desensitization counseling techniques to deal with stress in adolescent victims of violence. This research includes the development of 4D (define, design, develop, disseminate) by Thiagarajan (1974). Five people who are experts and practitioners of guidance counseling were involved in testing the validity of the guidebook. The assessment instrument used consists of 14 statement points which refer to the validity of the guidebook. Validity analysis uses the Content Validity Ratio (CVR) calculation formula from Lawshe (1975). The acquisition shows content validity (CVI) of 1 which means very good. This shows that the developed website-based systematic desensitization technique cognitive behavior counseling guidelines have met the eligibility criteria. The effectiveness test involved 30 students in this study using the one group pre-test and post-test design. This effectiveness test was carried out using the t test, the gains obtained were tcount = 17.105 and ttable = 2.048 which means that tcount > ttable, this acquisition describes that the development of cognitive behavior counseling guidelines for website-based systematic desensitization techniques is effective for dealing with stress in adolescent victims of violence.


Keywords


Cognitive Behavior; Systematic Desensitization; Adolescence.

References


Abdollahpour, S., Taghipour, A., Mousavi Vahed, SH, & Latifnejad Roudsari, R. (2022). The efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy on stress, anxiety and depression of infertile couples: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 42(2), 188–197. https://doi.org/10.1080/01443615.2021.1904217

Alifia, M. (2021a). Cognitive Behavior Therapy Using Systematic Desensitization Techniques to Reduce Trauma after COVID-19 Quarantine in Adolescents at Dinoyo Surabaya. 7, 6.

Alifia, M. (2021b). Integration of Systematic Desensitization Techniques in the Healing Garden Program to Handle Women's Stress Due to Uncomfortability With Their Partners at the Jombang Woman Crisi Center (Vol. 7).

Apriliana, I., & Suranata, K. (2020). Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Group Counseling to Increase Self-Confident of Vocational High School Students. Bisma The Journal of Counseling Volume, 4(2), 194–207. https://doi.org/10.23887/bisma.v4i2.29788

Arjanto, P. (2022). Test the Reliability and Validity of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales 21 (DASS-21) on College Students. 7.

Augusti, EM, Myhre, MC, Wentzel-Larsen, T., & Hafstad, GS (2023). Violence and sexual abuse rates before and during the Covid-19 pandemic: A prospective population-based study on Norwegian youth. Child Abuse and Neglect, 136(March 2022), 106023. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2023.106023

Brewin, CR, Andrews, B., Rose, S., & Kirk, M. (2018). Acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder in victims of violent crime. American Journal of Psychiatry, 156(3), 360–366. https://doi.org/10.1176/ajp.156.3.360

Campbell, R., Greeson, MR, Bybee, D., & King, S. (2008). The Co-Occurrence of Childhood Sexual Abuse, Adult Sexual Assault, Intimate Partner Violence, and Sexual Harassment: A Mediational Model of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Physical Health Outcomes. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76(2), 194–207. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.76.2.194

Cookson, MD, & Stirk, PMR (2019). Islamic Counseling Using Systematic Desensitization Techniques to Overcome Stress on Wives of Covid-19 Patients in Tanjungsari Village, Taman Sidoarjo.

Edwards, KM, & Banyard, VL (2018). Preventing sexual violence among adolescents and young adults. Adolescent Dating Violence: Theory, Research, and Prevention, 415–435. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-811797-2.00017-7

Erfanifar, E., Behroozi, N., Latifi, SM, & Abbaspoor, Z. (2022). The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral consultation on sexual function and sexual self-efficacy of women after childbirth. European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology: X, 15(December 2021), 100157. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurox.2022.100157

Fabiana Meijon Fadul. (2019). The Relationship between Physical Violence and Mental Health in Junior High School Adolescents during the Covid-19 Pandemic in Sungai Kunjang District, Samarinda.

Faisal, F., & Simatupang, N. (2021). Nonpenal Policy in the Context of Preventing Children as Victims of Physical and Psychological Violence in Schools. Scientific Journal of Legal Policy, 15(2), 287.https://doi.org/10.30641/kebijakan.2021.v15.287-304

Firdaus, AM Yunanta, & Hidayati, E. (2019). Knowledge and Attitudes of Adolescents Against Drug Use in Senior High Schools in the City of Semarang. Journal of Mental Nursing, 6(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.26714/jkj.6.1.2018.1-7.

Habsy, BA (2017). Cognitive Behavior Group Counseling Model to Increase Student Self Esteem at Bakhrudin All Habsy Darul 'Ulum University Jombang The Effectiveness Of Cognitive Behavior Group Counseling To Increase Self Esteem Of Vocational. Educational Science Perspectives, 31(1), 21–35

Hillis, SD, Mercy, JA, & Saul, JR (2017). The enduring impact of violence against children. Psychology, Health and Medicine, 22(4), 393–405. https://doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2016.1153679

Kiekens, WJ, Baams, L., Fish, JN, & Watson, RJ (2022). Associations of Relationship Experiences, Dating Violence, Sexual Harassment, and Assault With Alcohol Use Among Sexual and Gender Minority Adolescents. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 37(17–18), NP15176–NP15204. https://doi.org/10.1177/08862605211001469

Latif, M., & Khanam, SJ (2017). Effectiveness of cognitive behavior therapy in reducing anxiety, depression and violence in women affected by intimate partner violence: A randomized controlled trial from a low-income country. Journal of Postgraduate Medical Institute, 31(4), 425–431.

Mulyadi, YB (2020). Application of Behavioral Counseling Techniques to Children Experiencing Learning Stress. Journal of Early Childhood Education, 3(1), 29– 39.

Nova, S., & Sari, A. (2020). Relationship between parents' verbal violence and adolescent behavior at SMPN 20 Pekanbaru City in 2020 Relationship between verbal violence of parents with adolescents behavior in SMPN 20 Pekanbaru City in 2020. Tropical Public Health Journal Faculty of Public Health, USU, 1(23), 15.

Prahesti, Y. (2017). ONLINE COUNSELING WEBSITE DEVELOPMENT FOR STUDENTS AT SMA NEGERI 1 GRESIK Yunita Prahesti Bambang Dibyo Wiyono, S. Pd., M. Pd. Journal of BK UNESA, 7(3), 144–154.

Rosmawati, R. (2021). Reducing the Stress of Breastfeeding Mothers Through the Application of Systematic Desensitization Techniques in Individual Counseling in Kebun Handil Village. 12–31.

Ryan, Cooper, & Tauer. (2013). Desensitization Techniques to Reduce the Trauma Impact of Social Media Victims from Bullying. PaperKnowledge . Toward a Media History of Documents, 4, 12–26.

Salamor, YB, & Salamor, AM (2022). Sexual Violence Against Women ( Comparative China Study . Violence against women in India refers to physical violence or is manifested in India . Law Enforcement of Violence against Women in India. 2(1), 7–11.

Smith, BW, Shelley, BM, Dalen, J., Wiggins, K., Tooley, E., & Bernard, J. (2008). A pilot study comparing the effects of mindfulness-based and cognitive-behavioral stress reduction. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 14(3), 251–258. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2007.0641

Sugiyono. (2016). Scientific Research Methods. SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH METHODS, 84, 116.

Teke, E., & AvşaroğLu, S. (2021). Efficacy of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy for children and adolescents with post-traumatic stress disorder. Journal of School and Educational Psychology, 2(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.47602/josep.v2i1.1

Valls, R., Puigvert, L., & Duque, E. (2008). Gender violence among teenagers: Socialization and prevention. Violence Against Women, 14(7), 759–785. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077801208320365

Widianti, E., & Agustina, HS (2019). Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (Cbt) In Addressing Trauma On Children And Adolescents Who Became Victims Of Violence: A Literature Review. Journal of Nursing Care, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.24198/jnc.v2i2.21378

Ybarra, ML, & Thompson, RE (2018). Predicting the Emergence of Sexual Violence in Adolescence. Prevention Science, 19(4), 403–415. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11121-017-0810-4

Zaimah Dalimunthe, R. (2018). The Use of Systematic Decentralization Techniques in Stress Management for Students of the Guidance and Counseling Study Program, Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa University. News. Ge,Https://News.Ge/Anakliis-Porti-Aris-Qveynis-Momava


Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 320 times
 PDF Downloaded : 67 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2023 Ni Putu Diah Pebriyanti, Kadek Suranata, Putu Ari Dharmayanti

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.