THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL STATUS AND SOLIDARITY TO THE QUANTITY OF UTTERANCES IN JANE AUSTEN’S NOVELS

Citra Suryanovika, Novita Julhijah

Abstract


The main focus of the research is the female main characters in Jane Austen Novels, particularly Elinor Dashwood, Elizabeth Bennet, Fanny Price, Emma Woodhouse, Anne Elliot, Catherine Morland. The study basically aimed to identify the quantity of utterances presented by female main characters in Jane Austen’s six novels, and to analyze the influence of Holmes’s social status and solidarity on the quantity of utterances. The researchers found 1,738 utterances from 266 Elinor Dashwood’s utterances, 368 Elizabeth Bennet’s utterances, 194 Fanny Price’s utterances, 473 Emma Woodhouse’s utterances, 113 Anne Elliot’s utterances and 324 Catherine Morland’s utterances. Accordingly, high social status of Emma Woodhouse produced the greatest quantity of utterances compared to other characters, and Fanny Price’s lowest social status is in the fifth position of six characters. The analysis of solidarity showed that 66,7% utterances come fromcharacters with high solidarity scale, while 33,3% utterances belong to characters of low solidarity scale. In short, characters’ social status and solidarity are not two main factors in determining the quantity of utterances. The quantity of utterances was also determined by the interest and curiosity.

Keywords: Social Status, Solidarity Scale, Utterance, Jane Austen.

PENGARUH STATUS SOSIAL DAN SOLIDARITAS TERHADAP KUANTITAS UJARAN TOKOH PEREMPUAN UTAMA DALAM NOVEL JANE AUSTEN 

Abstrak

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi kuantitas ujaran yang disampaikan oleh tokoh perempuan utama di enam novel Jane Austen, dan menelaah pengaruh status sosial dan solidaritas pada kuantitas ujaran. Peneliti menemukan 1,738 dengan rincian 266 ujaran Elinor Dashwood, 368 ujaran Elizabeth Bennet, 194 ujaran Fanny Price, 473 ujaran Emma Woodhouse, 113 ujaran Anne Elliot, and 324 ujaran Catherine Morland. Berdasarkan peringkat, status sosial tinggi Emma Woodhouse menghasilkan jumlah ujaran paling banyak, dibandingkan dengan lima tokoh lainnya, namun Fanny Price dengan status sosial paling bawah berada di peringkat kelima dari enam tokoh yang ditelaah. Telaah keakraban menunjukkan 66,7% jumlah ujaran dengan skala solidaritas tinggi, dan 33,3% ujaran dengan skala solidaritas rendah. Berdasarkan hasil analisa, dapat disimpulkan bahwa penentu kuantitas ujaran bukan hanya ditentukan oleh status sosial dan solidaritas karakter, tapi juga ditentukan oleh ketertarikan dan rasa penasaran.

Kata kunci: Status Sosial, Skala Solidaritas, Ujaran, Jane Austen

Keywords


Status Sosial, Skala Solidaritas, Ujaran, Jane Austen.

References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24036/humanus.v17i1.8041

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