Idaryani Idaryani


In Indonesia people speak vernacular languages as their mother tongues and Bahasa Indonesia as lingua franca however English as foreign language is considered as important language to learn. Therefore, even English is not significant means of communication in Indonesia, national curriculum has positioned English as one of prerequisite subjects in education. Since the learner of additional languages are expected to develop both of linguistic and communicative skill, teaching-learning process requires not only learner motivation but also appropriate and integrative pedagogical approach so that the students will learn English more easier. PPP method is suitable for the students to learn more about grammar which focuses on words, phrases and sentences.  Communicative language teaching (CLT) and task-based language teaching are appropriate to enhance speaking skills of learners which encourage them to be more engaged and be active in classroom activities and put the students as the centre of classroom activities. Thus the students will have more opportunity to apply the grammatical rules by practicing them through their speaking and writing. Content-based approach can help the students to discuss particular issue that common happen and associated with their discipline or life context. Classroom activity is very important to enable students to keep speaking and practice their English as much as possible so that the students can apply the use of grammatical functions in their activities in order to improve their productive skill.


second language, teaching-learning, adult learner, classroom activity, lesson plan

Full Text:



Dornyei, Z, 2000,’ L2 motivation and the social context’, Teaching and researching motivation, New York: Longman, pp. 65 – 100.

Freeman, Y & Freeman, D 1998, ‘Contexts and Orientations’, ESL/EFL teaching: Principles for success, Heinemann, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, pp. 1-29.

Harmer, J 2007, ‘Teaching language skills,’ The practice of English language teaching, 4th edn, Pearson Education, Harlow.

Ko, J, Schallert, D & Walters, K 2003,’Rethinking scaffolding; examining negotiation of meaning in an ESL storytelling task’, TESOL Quarterly, vol. 37, no, 2, pp. 303-24. In pedagogy in the globalised language classroom, Readings, Deakin University, Victoria.

Kamaravadivelu, B 2003, ‘Forum: critical language pedagogy – a postmethod perspective on English language teaching’, world Englishes, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 359-50. In pedagogy in the globalised language classroom, Readings, Deakin University, Victoria.

Knight, P 2001, ‘The development of EFL methodology, ‘in Candlin, N.C & Mercer, N (ed), ‘English language teaching in its social contexts: A reader, Routledge, London, chp 8.

McPherson, P & Murray, DE 2003, ‘Introduction’ Communication on the net, NCELTR,’ Syndey, pp. 1-5. In Pedagogy in the globalised language classroom, Readings, Deakin University, Victoria.

Mckay, SL 2003,’IEL curriculum development,’ RELC Journal, vol. 34, n0. 1, pp. 31-47, retrieved 19 May 2010, Sage Premier database.

Nunan, D 1991,’Communicative tasks and the language curriculum,’TESOL Quarterly, vol. 2, pp. 279-95.

Norton, B, & Toohey, K 2002, ‘Identity and language learning’, in RB Kaplan (ed), The Oxford handbook of applied linguistics, Oxford University Press, pp. 115-23. In learning global English in diverse social context, Study guide and readings, Deakin University, Victoria.

Ur, P 1996, ‘Teaching writing,’ A course in language teaching: practice and theory, Cambridge University Press, pp. 159-74. In pedagogy in the globalised language classroom, Readings, Deakin University, Victoria.

Van Lier, L 2000, ’From input to affordance: social –interactive learning from an ecological perspective’, in JP lantolf (ed), Sociocultural theory and second


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Proceedings of ISELT FBS Universitas Negeri Padang

This Proceedings is Currently indexed by:

Google Scholar.

The Proceedings of International Seminar on English Language and Teaching is registered at LIPI