Yeni Rozimela


Change of English high school curriculum in Indonesia brings about challenges and difficulties in the implementation.  It often requires a shift on ‘what’ and ‘how’ to teach. Thus, it is not uncommon to find out that teachers are demanded to improve their cognition and to change their view on these two aspects. As teachers, we are key players in any teaching innovation change and innovation (Fullan in Markee, 1997), our thorough understanding about these is essential. Since 2004, the high school curricula have given attention to the development of the four language skills realized in several selected genres proportionally, which also to some extent affects a change in higher education curriculum for English teaching. To realize the goal of the curriculum, an understanding of language competence of the four language skills and genres is important, so that we understand what have to be taught and what instructional materials have to be prepared. We also have to be skillful and creative to apply techniques and strategies of teaching in line with an approach having principles of developing the competencies.  This paper will discuss three main points: 1) communicative competence, 2) what and why genres, and 3) alternative teaching approaches. The discussion is expected to give an idea for self-appraisal and improvement to reach the goal of ELT in Indonesia. 


communicative competence, genres, teaching approaches

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