THE DEVIATIONS OF MORPHOSYNTAX OF GRAMMATICAL CATEGORIES IN THE ESSAYS OF THE ENGLISH GRADUATE STUDENTS OF STATE UNIVERSITY OF PADANG

Veni Roza(1),
(1) STAIN Sjech M. Djamil Djambek Bukittinggi  Indonesia

Corresponding Author
Copyright (c) 2017 Lingua Didaktika: Jurnal Bahasa dan Pembelajaran Bahasa

DOI : https://doi.org/10.24036/ld.v3i1.7370

Full Text:    Language : en

Abstract


This research dealt with deviations or errors of morphosyntax of grammatical categories which consist of structural properties and distributional properties of nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs made by the first semester English graduate students of State University of Padang (UNP) in writing their essays. It aimed at explaining what errors of morphosyntax of grammatical categories committed by those students in writing their essays. The subjects of this research were the first semester English graduate students of 2008/ 2009 academic year of UNP. There were 15 randomly selected students who took the course of Academic Writing as the subjects of the research. The instrument used was through a test with one administration where the lecturer asked the students to construct essays based on the topics given. The analysis of data was based on theories proposed by Payne (1997) describing morphosyntax, error analysis method by James (1998) and Scovel (2001). It was found out that deviations of morphosyntax of grammatical categories mostly occurred. First, in the mis-formation of verbs (54.45%) as a structural property that exhibits subject agreement and in the omission of verbs which serves as predicates of clauses as a distributional property. Second, in the misformation of nouns (32.07%) exhibiting number as structural property and in the omission of nouns as a distributional property which serves as heads of noun phrases. Third, in the misformation of adjective (8.33%) which exhibits predicative function; and fourth in the errors of omission suffix –ly in adverbs (5.05%) modifying verbs. The findings reveal that the use of correct morphosyntax of grammatical categories of the first semester English graduate students of 2008/ 2009 academic year of UNP in writing essays is low implication?


Keywords


Deviations, morphosyntax of grammatical categories, essays

References


Arikunto, Suharsimi. 1991. Prosedur Penelitian. Jakarta: PT. Rineka Cips.

Baker, Mark. 2003. Lexical Categories Verbs, Nouns, and Adjectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Carino, Peter. 1991. Basic Writing: A First Course. New York: Indiana State University

Corder, S.P. 1967. The Significance of Learner’s Errors, International Review of Applied Linguistics Vol.5 no.4: 161-70. Reprinted in S.P. Corder, (1981). Error Analysis and Interlangauge. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Corder, S.P. 1981. Error Analysis and Interlanguage. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Dulay, et.al. 1982. Language Two. New York: Oxford University Press.

Ellis, Rod. 2003. Second Language Acquisition. New York: Oxford University Press

Harmer, Jeremy. 2001. The Practice of English Language Teaching. London: Longman

Hogue, Ann. 2003. The Essentials of English. New York: Pearson Education, Inc.

James, Carl. 1998. Errors in Language Learning and Use. London: Longman

Klammer, et.all. 2000. Analyzing English Grammar. Columbia: A Pearson Education Company

Kridalaksana, Harimurti. 1984. Kamus Linguistik. Jakarta: Gramedia.

N. Francis. 1958. The Structure of American English. New York: Basil Blackwell, inc.

Oshima and Hogue. 1998. Writing Academic English. London: Addison Wesley Longman.

Ozagac, Oya. 2004. Introducing Paragraphs and Thesis Statement. New York: Pearson Education, inc.

Parrot, Martin. 2004. Grammar for English Language Teacher. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Payne, E. Thomas. 1997. Describing Morphosyntax. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Quirk, Randolp, and Siddney Greenbaum.1979. A University of Grammar of English.London: Longman group. ltd.

Scovel,Tom. 2001. Learning New Languages: A Guide to Second Language Acquistion. Scarborough, Ontario: Newbury House.

Spratt, Mary, et.all. 2005. The Teaching Knowledge Test Course. Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press.

Sudaryanto. 1995. Metode dan Aneka Teknik Analisis Bahasa. Jakarta: Duta Wacana University Press.

Thomson, A. J. and A.V. Martinet. 1980. A Practical English Grammar. Oxford. Oxford University Press.

Yasin, Anas. 1978. An Error Analysis of English Sentences Made by Indonesian Students. Unpublished Thesis. Padang: FKSS-IKIP Padang.

Yunita, W. 2008. Types of Mistakes of English Made by the Students of English Education Study Program of University of Bengkulu. Unpublished Thesis. Padang: FKSS-IKIP Padang.


Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 349 times
 PDF Downloaded : 99 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Lingua Didaktika: Jurnal Bahasa dan Pembelajaran Bahasa

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.