TEACHING ENGLISH GRAMMAR AT UNIVERSITY: A Pedagogical and Psychological Reflection Based on an Experimental Research at FKIP Universitas Bung Hatta

Lely Refnita(1),
(1) English Department, FKIP, Universitas Bung Hatta  Indonesia

Corresponding Author
Copyright (c) 2017 Lingua Didaktika: Jurnal Bahasa dan Pembelajaran Bahasa

DOI : https://doi.org/10.24036/ld.v1i1.7349

Full Text:    Language : en


Grammar is one of important aspects of a language that makes the language learnable and teachable. The teaching of grammar, especially foreign language grammar, needs a serious attention from the teachers and related institutions. Specifically in universities, the teaching of English grammar should provide the students with theoretical concepts of the English grammar and opportunity to use the concepts in their communication. The grammar teaching should also offers suitable assignments by which they may test their language hypothesis. To establish and develop the students’ knowledge about the English grammar, the use of students’ mother tongue as an instructional language in the classroom was considered effective. However, an experimental research conducted by Refnita (2006) showed that the use of Bahasa Indonesia as an instructional language of Grammar I subject was not more effective than the use of English. It is true that bahasa Indonesia is not the students’ mother tongues, but they have mastered it as almost perfectly as their mother tongues. That’s why in her research bahasa Indonesia was considered similar with the students’ mother tongues.

The rejection of the proposed research hypothesis implied that pedagogical and psychological factors should be taken into account in the teaching-learning process because the success of learning English grammar does not solely depend upon the instructional language. Further analysis of the research result reflected that the students’ motivation and learning readiness even more determined the success of learning Grammar I. In relation with this phenomenon, the present article, which is based on and developed from the research result, will discuss further the pedagogical and psychological reflections of grammar teaching that need to be considered in the teaching-learning process of English grammar at universities in addition to the use of instructional language.


mother tongue, instructional language, English grammar, motivation, learning readiness, pedagogical & psychological factors


Brown, H. Douglas. 2001. Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy. 2nd Edition. New York: Addison Wesley Longman, Inc.

Bygate, Martin., Alan Tonkyn & Eddie Williams. 1994. Grammar and the Language Teacher. New York: Prentice Hall.

Culicover, Peter W. 1976. Syntax. New York: Academic Press, Inc.

Dixon, R.M.W. 1992. A New Approach to English Grammar, on Semantic Principles. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Gunn, Cindy & McCallum, Ann. 2005. “Climbing Grammar Mountain: An Interactive Learning Experience.” English Teaching Forum. Vol. 43 No.4, October 2005. pp. 38—41

Jufrizal. 2001. “Artikula Nama Panggilan dalam Bahasa Minangkabau di Kota Padang: Tinjauan Keterkaitan antara Struktur dan Pemakaian Bahasa”. Linguistika. Tahun VI Edisi Keempat belas. Denpasar: Program Magister (S2) Linguistik Universitas Udayana Bali.

Lyons, John. 1987. Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Mattioli, Gyl. 2004. “On Native Lang uage Intrusions and Making Do with Words: Linguistically Homogeneous Classrooms and Native Language Use.” English Teaching Forum. Vol. 42 No. 4, October 2004. p.21.

Refnita, Lely. 2006. Keefektifan Penggunaan Bahasa Indonesia sebagai Bahasa Pengantar Perkuliahan Gramatika Bahasa Inggris. (laporan penelitian belum terbit). Padang: Universitas Bung Hatta

Schweers JR, C.William. 2003. “Using L1 in the L2 Classroom.” English Teaching Forum. Vol. 41 No. 4 October 2003.p.34

Stern, H. H. 1994. Fundamental Concepts of Language Teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Tang, Jinlan. 2002. “Using L1 in the English Classroom”. English Teaching Forum. Vol. 40 No. 1 January 2002. pp.36--37

Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 357 times
 PDF Downloaded : 121 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Lingua Didaktika: Jurnal Bahasa dan Pembelajaran Bahasa

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.