Efektivitas Layanan Informasi dengan Pendekatan Contextual Teaching And Learning dalam Meningkatkan Arah Perencanaan Karier Siswa SMK

Ramtia Darma Putri(1), Neviyarni S(2), Agus Irianto(3),
(1) Universitas Negeri Padang  Indonesia
(2) Universitas Negeri Padang  Indonesia
(3) Universitas Negeri Padang  Indonesia

Corresponding Author


DOI : https://doi.org/10.24036/02015436467-0-00

Full Text:    Language : en
Submitted : 2017-01-10
Published : 2015-09-01

Abstract


Direction of career planning become very important because it can guidelines students in decisions making of his career in the future.  Direction of career planning should be prepared and improved considering that not all students have a mature direction of career planning. Central Statistics Agency (BPS) of West Sumatera in August 2014 recorded the open unemployment of about 6.99%  or reach 150 thousand people are more dominated by graduates SMK as much as 11.15%. In addition, the results of AUM umum in one of the SMK was indicated problems in careers and jobs as much to 33.56%. This demonstrates that students do not have a clear understanding about direction of career planning that will be chosen. One of the efforts to improve the students direction of career planning is the information service.  This research was intended to find out the effectiveness of information service with contextual teaching and learning approach to improve the direction of career planning student of SMK.This study uses quantitative methods. This type of research is Quasi Experiment with Nonrandomized Control Group Pretest-posttest Design. The subjects were students of SMK Padang Nusatama as an experimental group and the SMK Nasional Padang as a control group. The research instrument used Likert Scale models, and then analyzed using Paired Samples t-test and Independent Sample t-test with SPSS version 17.00.In general the study's findings that information service with contextual teaching and learning approach is effective in improving direction of career planning student of SMK. Specifically: (1) there was a significant differences between direction of career planning in the experimental group before and after the given information service with contextual teaching and learning approach, (2) there was a significant differences between direction of career planning in the control group before and after the given conventional information service, and (3) there was a significant differences between direction of career planning in the experimental group who were information service with contextual teaching and learning approach and those in the control group who were conventional information service.


Keywords


Directions Career Planning, Information Services, Contextual Teaching and Learning

References


Asosiasi Bimbingan dan Konseling Indonesia. (2013). Panduan Umum Pelayanan Bimbingan dan Konseling.

Baker, E.D., Hope, L., & Karandjeff, K. (2009). Contextualized Teaching & Learning: A faculty prime. California: Chancellor’s Office of the California Community Coll. (Online), (http://www.cccbsi.org/websites/basicskills/images/ctl.pdf, diakses 26 Februari 2016).

Bardick, A.D., Bernes, K.B., Magnusson, K.C., & Witko, K.D. (2014). “Junior High Career Planning: What student want”. Canadian Journal of Counsellin/ Revue canadienne de counseling. Vol. 38:2. (Online), (http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ719903.pdf, diakses 5 April 2016).

Donal. (2014). “Kontribusi Konsep Diri dan Motivasi Berprestasi terhadap Arah Perencanaan Karier Siswa”. Tesis tidak diterbitkan. Padang: Prodi S2 BK FIP UNP.

Falentini, F.Y. (2013). “Usaha yang Dilakukan Siswa dalam Menentukan Pilihan Karier dan Hambatan-hambatan yang Ditemui”. Tesis tidak diterbitkan. Padang: Prodi S2 BK FIP UNP.

Hosnan. (2014). Pendekatan Saintifik dan Kontekstual dalam Pembelajaran Abad 21. Bogor: Ghalia Indonesia.

Issacton, L.E. (1986). Carrer Information in Counseling and Carrer Development 4th edition. Massachusetts: Allyn and Bacon, Inc.

Lazuardy, H. (2014). “Pengangguran di Sumbar Didominasi Lulusan SMK”.(Online), (http://m.bisnis.com.kabar24/read/20141106/78/270865/pengangguran-di-sumbar-didominasi-lulusan-smk, diakses 28 Agustus 2015).

Millar, R., & Shevlin, M. (2001). “Predicting Career Information: Seeking behavior of school pupils using the theory of planned behavior”. Journal of Vocational Behavior, Vol. 26-42, (Online), (https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Rob_Millar/publication/223297165_Predicting_Career_InformationSeeking_Behavior_of_School_Pupils_Using_the_Theory_of_Planned_Behavior/links/5603dabb08ae4accfbb8cc6d.pdf, diakses 5 April 2016).

Prayitno. (2012). Seri Panduan Layanan dan Kegiatan Pendukung Konseling. Padang: UNP Press.

Rahmaniah, A. (2013). “Kontribusi Layanan Informasi dan Layanan Penempatan/Penyaluran terhadap Perencanaan Karier Siswa”. Tesis tidak diterbitkan. Padang: Prodi S2 BK FIP UNP.

Saam, Z. (2010). Psikologi Pendidikan. Pekanbaru: UR Press.

Taniredja, T., Faridli, E. M., & Harmianti, S. (2013). Model-model Pembelajaran Inovatif dan Efektif. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Tohirin. (2011). Bimbingan dan Konseling di Sekolah dan Madrasah Berbasis Integrasi. Jakarta: Rajagrafindo Persada.

Undang-undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 20. (2003). Tentang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional.

Yusuf, A.M. (2002). Kiat Sukses dalam Karier. Padang: Ghalia Indonesia.

Zen, M. (2012). “Faktor-faktor Dominan yang Berpengaruh dalam Perencanaan Arah Karir”. Disertasi tidak diterbitkan. Padang: Prodi Doktor Ilmu Lingkungan PPs UNP.


Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 218 times
 PDF Downloaded : 135 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.