PROSES MORFOLOGI INFLEKSI PADA ADJEKTIVA BAHASA INDONESIA

Ermanto Ermanto

Abstract


THE MORPHOLOGICAL INFLECTION PROCESS OF ADJECTIVE IN BAHASA INDONESIA


The problem of this research is: "how the morphological system of the adjective affixation of Indonesian language based on theory of derivation and inflection morphology?" The purposes of this study are to: (1) describe the process of morphological inflections on adjectives affixation Indonesian, (2) explain the function and meaning of affixes inflection on adjectives Indonesian affixation. It is a qualitative research with structural linguistics research method. The object of the research is the affixation in Indonesian adjectives. The research data are sentences (speech) in which have adjectives in Indonesian language. The sources of data are the written texts, such as, newspapers, magazines, and books, and KBBI (Indonesian Main Dictionary) and oral sources that is the researcher himself. Methods and techniques of data collection are read with the basic techniques and its sequencial techniques. The method of analysis is a giving method. The morphological processes of inflection (goal 1) is analyzed by using the opposition two by two, and expand technique. Then, function and meaning of inflection affixes (goal 2) is by using the omission technique, opposition two by two techniques, and reading marker techniques. The results of the study are described as follows. First, based on the reviews the theory of morphology derivation and inflection morphology, morphological processes on the Indonesian language (BI) of affixation adjectives is morphological processes of inflection and derivation morphological processes. Morphological processes of inflection can be distinguished into four kinds of processes. Second, the BI there are four kinds of inflection affixes create various forms of words (words grammatical) from a lexem A inflection affixes that happened, to - / - AN1, to - / - AN2, and as with many meanings.

Keywords: morphological process, inflection, adjective, function of afix, meaning of afix.

Abstrak

Masalah penelitian ini adalah: “bagaimana sistem morfologi pada adjektiva afiksasi bahasa Indonesia berdasarkan teori morfologi derivasi dan infleksi?” Tujuan penelitian ini adalah (1) menjelaskan proses morfologi infleksi pada adjektiva afiksasi bahasa Indonesia, (2) menjelaskan fungsi dan makna afiks infleksi pada adjektiva afiksasi bahasa Indonesia. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif dengan metode penelitian linguistik struktural. Objek penelitian adalah adjektiva afiksasi bahasa Indonesia. Data penelitian adalah kalimat (tuturan) yang di dalamnya terdapat adjektiva bahasa Indonesia. Sumber data penelitian ini adalah sumber tulis seperti surat kabar, majalah, dan buku, dan KBBI, dan sumber lisan yakni peneliti sendiri. Metode dan teknik pengumpulan data adalah metode simak dengan teknik dasar dan teknik lanjutannya. Metode analisis adalah metode agih. Proses morfologi infleksi (tujuan 1) dianalisis dengan teknik oposisi dua-dua, dan teknik perluas. Fungsi dan makna afiks infleksi (tujuan 2), digunakan teknik lesap, teknik oposisi dua-dua, dan teknik baca markah. Hasil penelitian dijelaskan sebagai berikut. Pertama, berdasarkan tinjauan teori morfologi derivasi dan morfologi infleksi, proses morfologi pada adjektiva afiksasi BI yakni proses morfologi infleksi dan proses morfologi derivasi. Proses morfologi infleksi dibedakan atas empat macam proses. Kedua, dalam BI ada empat macam afiks infleksi yang menurunkan berbagai bentuk-kata (kata gramatikal) dari suatu leksem A yakni afiks  infleksi ter-, ke-/-an1, ke-/-an2, dan se- dengan berbagai makna.

Kata Kunci: proses morfologi, infleksi, adjektiva, fungsi afiks, makna afiks.


Keywords


proses morfologi, infleksi, adjektiva, fungsi afiks, makna afiks.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24036/jh.v15i1.6411

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Humanus: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-ilmu Humaniora, an international peer-reviewed online journal in humanity studies published by Pusat Kajian Humaniora (Center for Humanities Studies) FBS Universitas Negeri Padang (previously published by Lembaga Penelitian Universitas Negeri Padang), Indonesia.

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