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Author Guidelines

Please prepare your manuscript before submission, using the following guidelines and JTEV Template to download the article template:


Article files should be provided in Microsoft Word format. We currently do not accept other formats, such as LaTex or PDF files.

Article Length

Articles should be between 8-14 pages, including references. A maximum of 4 pages long appendices are allowed.

Article Organization

Body of articles should be organized (at least) into the IMRaD structure as follow;

  • Introduction 
  • Material
  • Method 
  • Result and Discussion
  • Conclusion 

Article Title

A title of 12 (twelve) words maximum should be provided.

Author Details

All contributing authors’ names should be added, and their names arranged in the correct order for publication. A correct email address should be supplied only by the first author. The full name of each author must be present in the exact format they should appear for publication, including or exclude any middle names or initials as required The affiliation of each contributing author should be correct on their individual author name.

Biographies and Acknowledgments

Authors who wish to include these items should save them together in the MS Word file to be uploaded with the submission. If they are to be included, a brief professional biography of 100 words maximum should be supplied for each named author.

Authors must declare all sources of external research funding in their article and a statement to this effect should appear in the Acknowledgements section.

Structured Abstract

Authors must supply a structured abstract in their submission, which includes:

  • Purpose
  • Design/methodology/approach
  • Findings 
  • Research limitations/implications 
  • Practical implications 
  • Social implications 
  • Originality/value 

A maximum of 250 words in total excluding keywords.


Authors should provide appropriate and short keywords that encapsulate the principal topics of the paper. The maximum number of keywords is 5 (five) words.

Article Categories

Authors must categorize their paper as part of the article information. The category which most closely describes their paper should be selected from the list below.

  • Research paper. This category covers papers that report on any type of research undertaken by the authors. The research may involve the construction or testing of a model or framework, action research, testing of data, market research or surveys, empirical, scientific, or laboratory research. 
  • Technical paper. Describes and evaluates technical products, processes, or services. 
  • Conceptual paper. These papers will not be based on research but will develop hypotheses. The papers are likely to be discursive and will cover philosophical discussions and comparative studies of others' work and thinking. 
  • Case study. Case studies describe actual interventions or experiences within organizations. They may well be subjective and will not generally report on research. A description of a legal case or a hypothetical case study used as a teaching exercise would also fit into this category. 
  • Literature review. It is expected that all types of papers cite any relevant literature so this category should only be used if the main purpose of the paper is to annotate and/or critique the literature in a particular subject area. It may be a selective bibliography providing advice on information sources or it may be comprehensive in that the paper's aim is to cover the main contributors to the development of a topic and explore their different views. 
  • General review. This category covers those papers which provide an overview or historical examination of some concept, technique, or phenomenon. The papers are likely to be more descriptive or instructional than discursive. 


Headings must be concise, with a clear indication of the distinction between the hierarchy of headings. The format is provided in the article's template.


Notes or Endnotes should be used only if absolutely necessary and must be identified in the text by consecutive numbers, enclosed in square brackets, and listed at the end of the article.


All Figures (charts, diagrams, line drawings, web pages/screenshots, and photographic images) should be submitted in electronic form. All Figures should be of high quality, legible, and numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Graphics may be supplied in color to facilitate their appearance on the online database. Figures created in MS Word, MS PowerPoint, MS Excel should be supplied in their native formats. Electronic figures created in other applications should be copied from the origination software and pasted into MS Word template document. Photographic images should be inserted in the main body of the article and of high quality.


Tables should be typed and included in the main body of the article. The position of tables should be inserted in the text as close to the point of reference as possible. Ensure that any superscripts or asterisks are shown next to the relevant items and have corresponding explanations displayed as footnotes to the table, figure, or plate.


JTEV prefers articles that refer mainly to journal articles, research reports, and conference proceedings, rather than rely heavily on textbooks or handbooks to demonstrate articles' novelty in the subject discussed. The use of Mendeley as a tool in referencing is preferable and encouraged. References should be carefully checked for completeness, accuracy, and consistency.

Author(s) should cite publications in the text following the Use of a tool such as EndNoteMendeley, or Zotero for reference management and formatting, and choose IEEE style. Please use a consistent format for references-see examples.


Basic Format:

  1. K. Author, “Title of paper,” Abbrev. Title of Journal/Periodical, vol. x, no. x, pp. xxx-xxx, Abbrev. Month, year, doi: xxx.


  • M. Chiampi and L. L. Zilberti, “Induction of electric field in human bodies moving near MRI: An efficient BEM computational procedure,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., vol. 58, pp. 2787–2793, Oct. 2011, doi: 10.1109/TBME.2011.2158315.
  • Fardel, M. Nagel, F. Nuesch, T. Lippert, and A. Wokaun, “Fabrication of Organic Light-emitting Diode Pixels by Laser-assisted Forward Transfer,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 91, no. 6, Aug. 2007, Art. no. 061103, doi: 10.1063/1.2759475.

Conference Proceedings

Basic Format:

  1. K. Author, “Title of paper,” in Abbreviated Name of Conf., (location of conference is optional), year, pp. xxx–xxx, doi: xxx.


  • Veruggio, “The EURON roboethics roadmap,” in Proc. Humanoids ’06: 6th IEEE-RAS Int. Conf. Humanoid Robots, 2006, pp. 612–617, doi: 10.1109/ICHR.2006.321337.
  • Zhao, G. Sun, G. H. Loh, and Y. Xie, “Energy-efficient GPU design with reconfigurable in-package graphics memory,” in Proc. ACM/IEEE Int. Symp. Low Power Electron. Design (ISLPED), Jul. 2012, pp. 403–408, doi: 10.1145/2333660.2333752.


Basic Format:

  1. K. Author, “Title of chapter in the book,” in Title of His Published Book, X. Editor, Ed., xth ed. City of Publisher, State (only U.S.), Country: Abbrev. of Publisher, year, ch. x, sec. x, pp. xxx–xxx.


  • Taflove, Computational Electrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method in Computational Electrodynamics II, vol. 3, 2nd ed. Norwood, MA, USA: Artech House, 1996.
  • L. Myer, “Parametric oscillators and nonlinear materials,” in Nonlinear Optics, vol. 4, P. G. Harper and B. S. Wherret, Eds., San Francisco, CA, USA: Academic, 1977, pp. 47–160.

Theses (B.S., M.S.) and Dissertations (Ph.D.)

Basic Format:

  1. K. Author, “Title of thesis,” M.S. thesis, Abbrev. Dept., Abbrev. Univ., City of Univ., Abbrev. State, year.
  2. K. Author, “Title of dissertation,” Ph.D. dissertation, Abbrev. Dept., Abbrev. Univ., City of Univ., Abbrev. State, year.


  • O. Williams, “Narrow-band analyzer,” Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. Elect. Eng., Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USA, 1993.
  • Kawasaki, “Parametric study of thermal and chemical nonequilibrium nozzle flow,” M.S. thesis, Dept. Electron. Eng., Osaka Univ., Osaka, Japan, 1993.

*In the reference list, however, list all the authors for up to six authors. Use et al. only if: 1) The names are not given and 2) List of authors more than 6. Example: J. D. Bellamy et al., Computer Telephony Integration, New York: Wiley, 2010.

See the examples:


[1]    T. S. Ustun, C. Ozansoy, and A. Zayegh, “Recent developments in microgrids and example cases around the world—A review,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 4030–4041, Oct. 2011, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2011.07.033.

[2]    D. Salomonsson, L. Soder, and A. Sannino, “Protection of Low-Voltage DC Microgrids,” IEEE Trans. Power Deliv., vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 1045–1053, Jul. 2009, doi: 10.1109/TPWRD.2009.2016622.

[3]    S. Chakraborty and M. G. Simoes, “Experimental Evaluation of Active Filtering in a Single-Phase High-Frequency AC Microgrid,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 673–682, Sep. 2009, doi: 10.1109/TEC.2009.2015998.

[4]    S. A. Hosseini, H. A. Abyaneh, S. H. H. Sadeghi, F. Razavi, and A. Nasiri, “An overview of microgrid protection methods and the factors involved,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 64, pp. 174–186, Oct. 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2016.05.089.

[5]    S. Chen, N. Tai, C. Fan, J. Liu, and S. Hong, “Sequence‐component‐based current differential protection for transmission lines connected with IIGs,” IET Gener. Transm. Distrib., vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 3086–3096, Jul. 2018, doi: 10.1049/iet-gtd.2017.1507.

[6]    S. Parhizi, H. Lotfi, A. Khodaei, and S. Bahramirad, “State of the Art in Research on Microgrids: A Review,” IEEE Access, vol. 3, pp. 890–925, 2015, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2015.2443119.

[7]    S. Chowdhury, S. P. Chowdhury, and P. Crossley, Microgrids and Active Distribution Networks. Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2009.

[8]    R. Ndou, J. I. Fadiran, S. Chowdhury, and S. P. Chowdhury, “Performance comparison of voltage and frequency based loss of grid protection schemes for microgrids,” in 2013 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, 2013, pp. 1–5, doi: 10.1109/PESMG.2013.6672788.

[9]    S. Liu, T. Bi, A. Xue, and Q. Yang, “Fault analysis of different kinds of distributed generators,” in 2011 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, Jul. 2011, pp. 1–6, doi: 10.1109/PES.2011.6039596.

[10]  K. Jennett, F. Coffele, and C. Booth, “Comprehensive and quantitative analysis of protection problems associated with increasing penetration of inverter-interfaced DG,” in 11th IET International Conference on Developments in Power Systems Protection (DPSP 2012), 2012, pp. P31–P31, doi: 10.1049/cp.2012.0091.

[11]  P. T. Manditereza and R. Bansal, “Renewable distributed generation: The hidden challenges – A review from the protection perspective,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 58, pp. 1457–1465, May 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2015.12.276.

[12]  D. M. Bui, S.-L. Chen, K.-Y. Lien, Y.-R. Chang, Y.-D. Lee, and J.-L. Jiang, “Investigation on transient behaviours of a uni-grounded low-voltage AC microgrid and evaluation on its available fault protection methods: Review and proposals,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 75, pp. 1417–1452, Aug. 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2016.11.134.

[13]  T. N. Boutsika and S. A. Papathanassiou, “Short-circuit calculations in networks with distributed generation,” Electr. Power Syst. Res., vol. 78, no. 7, pp. 1181–1191, Jul. 2008, doi: 10.1016/j.epsr.2007.10.003.

[14]  H. Margossian, G. Deconinck, and J. Sachau, “Distribution network protection considering grid code requirements for distributed generation,” IET Gener. Transm. Distrib., vol. 9, no. 12, pp. 1377–1381, Sep. 2015, doi: 10.1049/iet-gtd.2014.0987.

[15]  O. Núñez-Mata, R. Palma-Behnke, F. Valencia, A. Urrutia-Molina, P. Mendoza-Araya, and G. Jiménez-Estévez, “Coupling an adaptive protection system with an energy management system for microgrids,” Electr. J., vol. 32, no. 10, p. 106675, Dec. 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.tej.2019.106675.

[16]  M. Brucoli and T. C. Green, “Fault behaviour in islanded microgrids,” in Proceedings of the 19th international conference on electricity distribution, CIRED, 2007, pp. 0548-(1-4).

[17]  I. K. Tarsi, A. Sheikholeslami, T. Barforoushi, and S. M. B. Sadati, “Investigating impacts of distributed generation on distribution networks reliability: A mathematical model,” in Proceedings of the 2010 Electric Power Quality and Supply Reliability Conference, Jun. 2010, pp. 117–124, doi: 10.1109/PQ.2010.5550010.

[18]  L. K. Kumpulainen and K. T. Kauhaniemi, “Analysis of the impact of distributed generation on automatic reclosing,” in IEEE PES Power Systems Conference and Exposition, 2004., pp. 1152–1157, doi: 10.1109/PSCE.2004.1397623.

[19]  A. A. Memon and K. Kauhaniemi, “A critical review of AC Microgrid protection issues and available solutions,” Electr. Power Syst. Res., vol. 129, pp. 23–31, Dec. 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.epsr.2015.07.006.

[20]  H. A. Abdel-Ghany, A. M. Azmy, N. I. Elkalashy, and E. M. Rashad, “Optimizing DG penetration in distribution networks concerning protection schemes and technical impact,” Electr. Power Syst. Res., vol. 128, pp. 113–122, Nov. 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.epsr.2015.07.005.

[21]  S. Chaitusaney and A. Yokoyama, “An Appropriate Distributed Generation Sizing Considering Recloser-Fuse Coordination,” in 2005 IEEE/PES Transmission & Distribution Conference & Exposition: Asia and Pacific, pp. 1–6, doi: 10.1109/TDC.2005.1546838.

[22]  H. H. Zeineldin, Y. A.-R. I. Mohamed, V. Khadkikar, and V. R. Pandi, “A Protection Coordination Index for Evaluating Distributed Generation Impacts on Protection for Meshed Distribution Systems,” IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 1523–1532, Sep. 2013, doi: 10.1109/TSG.2013.2263745.

[23]  D. Eltigani and S. Masri, “Challenges of integrating renewable energy sources to smart grids: A review,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 52, pp. 770–780, Dec. 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2015.07.140.

[24]  M. M. Eissa (SIEEE), “Protection techniques with renewable resources and smart grids—A survey,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 52, pp. 1645–1667, Dec. 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2015.08.031.

[25]  A. Oudalov et al., “Novel Protection Systems for Microgrids,” 2009. [Online]. Available:

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format, max 2MB.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
  7. Use template provided.

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