THE SYSTEMIC FUNCTIONAL LINGUISTICS: THE APPROPRIATE AND INAPPROPRIATE USE OF DEVICES IN STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC TEXT

Muhammad Affandi Arianto, Refnaldi Refnaldi, Rusdi Noor Rosa

Abstract


LINGUISTIK SISTEMIK FUNGSIONAL: PENGGUNAAN PIRANTI KOHESIF YANG TEPAT DAN TIDAK TEPAT PADA TEKS AKADEMIS MAHASISWA

Abstract

This qualitative research was conducted to describe the types of grammatical cohesive devices and to compare the frequency of using the appropriate and inappropriate of those devices used by students in composing analytical exposition text. The subjects of this research were chosen conveniently by selecting only 34 students of grade two of SMAN 7 Padang. The data was collected from the analytical exposition texts written by them.  The result of this research shows that the students are able to use the grammatical cohesive devices in variant ways. Those four types found are reference, conjuction, ellipsis, and substitution. Reference and conjuction were found most frequent in students’ texts with the percentage of occurring those types were 62.77% and 31.88%. In adition, ellipsis dan substitusition, each of them gives contributes to students texts just 4.8% and 0.55%. Students tend to use the inappropriate pronoun reference when they try to refer between the subject and object in their sentences. Of 1104 times of using the devices, the most inappropriate use was located in using reference. The frequency of using these inapprorate references was 88 times.

Key words/phrases:  Grammatical Cohesive Devices, Analytical Exposition Text

 

Abstrak

Penelitian kualitatif ini dilakukan untuk menggambarkan tipe-tipe piranti kohesi gramatikal dan untuk membandingkan frekuensi penggunaan yang tepat dan tidak tepat dari tipe-tipe piranti tersebut yang digunakan oleh siswa dalam menulis teks eksposisi analitik. Subyek penelitian ini dipilih nyaman dengan memilih hanya 34 siswa kelas dua SMAN 7 Padang. Data dikumpulkan dari teks-teks eksposisi analitik yang ditulis oleh mereka. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa siswa menggunakan piranti kohesi gramatikal dalam banyak variasi. Empat tipe tersebut adalah referensi, konjungsi, elipsis, dan substitusi. Referensi dan konjungsi ditemukan paling sering dalam teks-teks siswa dengan persentase tipe tersebut adalah 62.77% dan 31.88%. Selain itu, elipsis dan substitusi, masing-masing memberikan kontribusi terhadap teks siswa hanya 4.8% dan 0.55%. Siswa cenderung menggunakan kata ganti referensi secara tidak tepat ketika mereka mencoba untuk merujuk antara subjek dan objek dalam kalimat mereka. Dari 1104 kali penggunakan piranti tersebut, penggunaan piranti yang paling sering terjadi kesalahan adalah dalam menggunakan referensi. Frekuensi menggunakan piranti referensi secara tidak tepat adalah adalah sebanyak 88 kali.

Kata Kunci:  Piranti Kohesi Gramatikal, Teks Eksposisi Analitik


Keywords


Grammatical Cohesive Devices, Analytical Exposition Text

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DOI: 10.24036/ld.v10i2.7197

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