Morphological Errors Found in Indonesian Students’ English Compositions of Application Letter

Elwa Junaidi(1), M. Zaim(2),
(1) Universitas Negeri Padang  Indonesia
(2) Universitas Negeri Padang  Indonesia

Corresponding Author
Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of English Language Teaching


Full Text:    Language : en


A number of morphological errrors can be found in students’ English compositions of application letter. The errors were possibly caused by a lack of students understanding about the rules in morphology.The purposes of this research were to explain the (1) morphological errors, (2) the frequencies of morphological errors,  and (3) the sources of errors in students’ English compositions of application letter. The research applied a descriptive method. The data from students’ compositions of application were collected by using documentation technique. The research results indicated that there were two categories of morphological error, specifically noun morphological errors (indicated by the problems with noun plural –s) and verb morphological errors indicated by the  problems with present third person singular –s). The most common errors were noun morphological errors. Furthermore, there are two sources of errors found in the application letters of students. They were interlingual errors (transfer of morphological elements) and intralingual & development errors. (overgeneralization & ignorance of rule restriction).


Morphological Error, ELT, Teacher


Arikunto, S. (2006). Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktik. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Castro, A. M. (2017). Errors and Corrective Feedback in Writing: Implications to Our Classroom Practices. Language and Language Teaching Journal, 20(2), 158-166.

Gay, L. R., Mills, G. E., & Airasian , P. (2012). Educational Reseacrh

Competencies for Analysis and Applications (10th Ed.). United States:

Pearson Education Inc.

Gayo, H., & Widodo, P. (2018). An Analysis of Morphological and Syntactical Errors on the English Writing of Junior High School Indonesian Students. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research 17(4):58–70.

Groves, S. (2018). Morphological Awareness Analysis in the Writing of Grade 3 and 5 English First and Second Language Learners. Thesis. Canada: University of Victoria.

Imam, S. (2015).Morphological Errors in Narrative Writing of Eleventh Grade Students at Madrasah Aliyah Negeri 2 Palembang. Thesis. Palembang: UIN Raden Fatah.

James, C. (2013). Errors in Language Learning and Use. New York: Routledge

Kemendikbud RI. (2013). Silabus Mata Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas XII. Jakarta:Kemendikbud RI.

Keshavarz, M. H. (2012). Contrastive analysis and error analysis. Tehran, Iran: Rahnama Press.

Knupfer, N.N. & McLellan, H. (1996). Research methodologies in educational communications and technology. Kansas, KS: McLellanWyat Digital.

Munir, U.H. 2020. An Analysis of Students’ Morphological Error in the English Essay (A Study on the Eighth Grade Students of Nahdhatul Ulama Junior High School Suruh in Academic Year 2019-2020). Thesis. Salatiga: IAIN Salatiga.

Mutmainah, E. (2019). Morphological Errors Analysis in Writing Skill of Recount text at the Eighth Grade Students of MTs N 2 Surakarta in Academic Year 2018/2019. Thesis. English Language Education, Cultures and Languages Faculty. IAIN Surakarta.

Rahman, A.I. 2019. Morphological Errors Analysis on Students’ Synopsis Writing. English Language in Focus (ELIF), 1(2), 81–88.

Ramadan, S. (2015). Morphological Errors Made by Jordanian University Students. Journal of Literature, Languages and Linguistics, 14: 25-31.

Saputra, H.R., Dayu, T.A., & Islamiah, N. (2020). Analysis on Morphological Errors Based on Students’ Writing Assignment of English Subject in the Implementation of Curriculum 2013. Jurnal Uniska.

Suryani, I.A. (2017). Morphological Errors Made by the Sixth Semester Students of English and Literature Department of Adab and Humanities Faculty in Writing Short Paragraph. Thesis. Romang Polong: Universitas Islam Negeri Allaudin Makassar.

Yakub, F., & Hossain, F.M. (2018). Morphological Error Analysis of English Written Texts Produced by The Tertiary Level Students of Bangladesh. Research Journal of English Language and Literature (RJELAL), Vol. 6. No. 4, ISSN: 2395-2636.

Zaim, M. (2017). Shifting the system of Indonesian word formation; the study on morphology and sociolinguistics of acronyms, blending, and clipping. Humanus, 16(2), 248-262.

Zaim, M. (2019). Morphology and Syntax. Padang: Sukabina Press.

Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 128 times
 PDF Downloaded : 56 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of English Language Teaching

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.