Pahuse Wanda, Hamzah Hamzah, Leni Marlina


This research investigates the propaganda techniques used by the online news author concerning Islamophobia. This study used lexical choices by Fairlough’s textual analysis and the aim of this study is to identify the words including verb, noun, adverb and the propaganda techniques that used by the news author to describe Islam and Muslims in their news articles. Types of research used in this study are descriptive qualitative research. The results of this study are from found that the author used 72 words including verb, noun, and adverb for describing Muslims. Meanwhile, found that the author used 83 words with negative meaning for describing Islam. From the analysis of the lexical choice, the top frequencies used by the two media are terrorists, extremists, radicals and militants. From the analysis of propaganda techniques, found that both media used name-calling, card stacking, and testimonial propaganda techniques. The two media used name-calling techniques in total 155 words, card stacking in total 31 sentences, and 11 sentences are testimonial propaganda techniques. Both media also used the words which have negative connotation, and images. In such manner, it is proposed that the world of Islam be aware of this false opinion used negative propaganda against Islam and take fitting and convenient measures with the goal that they could present the genuine idea of this holy religion to the world and diminish the quantity of Islamophobic assaults on Muslim people group all through the world.


Critical Discourse Analysis, Propaganda Techniques,,, Islamophobia.

Full Text:



Alazzany, M. 2013. Islam and Muslims in the New York Times: Two Versions, Two Camps. Journal of Social Science & Humanities.Universiti Putra Malaysia Press. 22 (S): 33 – 58 (2014).

Badar, M. 2016. The Road of Genocide: The Propaganda Machine of the Self-declared Islamoc State (IS). Journal of International Criminal Law Review. Newcastle: Northumbria University. Vol. 16: 1-51

Brown, G. & Yule, G. 1983.Discourse Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge Universitypress.

Fairclough, N. 1989.Language and Power. London: Longman.

Fairclough, N. 1992.Language and Social Change. London: Polity Press.

Fairclough, N. 1995.Critical Discourse Analysis: the critical study of Language.

New York: Longman

Jowett, G.S. 2012.Propaganda and Persuation Fifth Edition. Los Angeles: SAGE

Khachatryan, S. 2013. Critical Discourse Analysis of Russian LGBT Law and its Propaganda in Russian Media.Retrieved from:

Meer, N. 2009.Refutations of Racism in the ‘Muslim Questions’, Pattern and Prejudice. London: Routledge. Vol.43(3 – 4), 334-335.

Renkema, J. 2004. Introduction to Discourse Studies. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.

Richardson, J. E. 2007. Analysing Newspaper: An Approach from Critical Discourse Analysis.New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Smith, Bruce L. 2016. Propaganda, Communication and Public Opinion: A Comprehensive Reference Guide.Journal of Sociology. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press. Vol.52(2). 158-159

Wike, R. 2016. Europeans Fear Wave of Refugess Will Mean More Terrorism, Fewer Jobs. Washington, D.C: Pew Research Center.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.